Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics

Author(s)
Leor Barack, Vitor Cardoso, Samaya Nissanke, Thomas P. Sotiriou, Abbas Askar, Chris Belczynski, Gianfranco Bertone, Edi Bon, Diego Blas, Richard Brito, Tomasz Bulik, Clare Burrage, Christian T. Byrnes, Chiara Caprini, Masha Chernyakova, Piotr Chruściel, Monica Colpi, Valeria Ferrari, Daniele Gaggero, Jonathan Gair, Juan García-Bellido, S. F. Hassan, Lavinia Heisenberg, Martin Hendry, Ik Siong Heng, Carlos Herdeiro, Tanja Hinderer, Assaf Horesh, Bradley J. Kavanagh, Bence Kocsis, Michael Kramer, Alexandre Le Tiec, Chiara Mingarelli, Germano Nardini, Gijs Nelemans, Carlos Palenzuela, Paolo Pani, Albino Perego, Edward K. Porter, Elena M. Rossi, Patricia Schmidt, Alberto Sesana, Ulrich Sperhake, Antonio Stamerra, Leo C. Stein, Nicola Tamanini, Thomas M. Tauris, L. Arturo Urena-López, Frederic Vincent, Marta Volonteri, Barry Wardell, Norbert Wex, Kent Yagi, Tiziano Abdelsalhin, Miguel Ángel Aloy, Pau Amaro-Seoane, Lorenzo Annulli, Manuel Arca-Sedda, Ibrahima Bah, Enrico Barausse, Elvis Barakovic, Robert Benkel, Charles L. Bennett, Laura Bernard, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Christopher P.L. Berry, Emanuele Berti, Miguel Bezares, Jose Juan Blanco-Pillado, Jose Luis Blázquez-Salcedo, Matteo Bonetti, Mateja Bošković, Zeljka Bosnjak, Katja Bricman, Bernd Brügmann, Pedro R. Capelo, Sante Carloni, Pablo Cerdá-Durán, Christos Charmousis, Sylvain Chaty, Aurora Clerici, Andrew Coates, Marta Colleoni, Lucas G. Collodel, Geoffrey Compère, William Cook, Isabel Cordero-Carrión, Miguel Correia, Álvaro De La Cruz-Dombriz, Viktor G. Czinner, Kyriakos Destounis, Kostas Dialektopoulos, Daniela Doneva, Massimo Dotti, Amelia Drew, Christopher Eckner, James Edholm, Roberto Emparan, Recai Erdem, Miguel Ferreira, Pedro G. Ferreira, Andrew Finch, Jose A. Font, Nicola Franchini, Kwinten Fransen, Dmitry Gal'tsov, Apratim Ganguly, Davide Gerosa, Kostas Glampedakis, Andreja Gomboc, Ariel Goobar, Leonardo Gualtieri, Eduardo Guendelman, Francesco Haardt, Troels Harmark, Filip Hejda, Thomas Hertog, Seth Hopper, Sascha Husa, Nada Ihanec, Taishi Ikeda, Amruta Jaodand, Philippe Jetzer, Xisco Jimenez-Forteza, Marc Kamionkowski, David E. Kaplan, Stelios Kazantzidis, Masashi Kimura, Shiho Kobayashi, Kostas Kokkotas, Julian Krolik, Jutta Kunz, Claus Lämmerzahl, Paul Lasky, José P.S. Lemos, Jackson Levi Said, Stefano Liberati, Jorge Lopes, Raimon Luna, Yin Zhe Ma, Elisa Maggio, Alberto Mangiagli, Marina Martinez Montero, Andrea Maselli, Lucio Mayer, Anupam Mazumdar, Christopher Messenger, Brice Ménard, Masato Minamitsuji, Christopher J. Moore, David Mota, Sourabh Nampalliwar, Andrea Nerozzi, David Nichols, Emil Nissimov, Martin Obergaulinger, Niels A. Obers, Roberto Oliveri, George Pappas, Vedad Pasic, Hiranya Peiris, Tanja Petrushevska, Denis Pollney, Geraint Pratten, Nemanja Rakic, Istvan Racz, Miren Radia, Fethi M. Ramazanoǧlu, Antoni Ramos-Buades, Guilherme Raposo, Marek Rogatko, Roxana Rosca-Mead, Dorota Rosinska, Stephan Rosswog, Ester Ruiz-Morales, Mairi Sakellariadou, Nicolás Sanchis-Gual, Om Sharan Salafia, Anuradha Samajdar, Alicia Sintes, Majda Smole, Carlos Sopuerta, Rafael Souza-Lima, Marko Stalevski, Nikolaos Stergioulas, Chris Stevens, Tomas Tamfal, Alejandro Torres-Forné, Sergey Tsygankov, Kivanç İ Ünlütürk, Rosa Valiante, Maarten Van De Meent, José Velhinho, Yosef Verbin, Bert Vercnocke, Daniele Vernieri, Rodrigo Vicente, Vincenzo Vitagliano, Amanda Weltman, Bernard Whiting, Andrew Williamson, Helvi Witek, Aneta Wojnar, Kadri Yakut, Haopeng Yan, Stoycho Yazadjiev, Gabrijela Zaharijas, Miguel Zilhão
Abstract

The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics-dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem-all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. The hitherto invisible landscape of the gravitational Universe is being unveiled before our eyes: the historical direct detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marks the dawn of a new era of scientific exploration. Gravitational-wave astronomy will allow us to test models of black hole formation, growth and evolution, as well as models of gravitational-wave generation and propagation. It will provide evidence for event horizons and ergoregions, test the theory of General Relativity itself, and may reveal the existence of new fundamental fields. The synthesis of these results has the potential to radically reshape our understanding of the cosmos and of the laws of Nature. The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. This write-up is an initiative taken within the framework of the European Action on 'Black holes, Gravitational waves and Fundamental Physics'.

Organisation(s)
Gravitational Physics
External organisation(s)
University of Southampton, Associação EURATOM/IST, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Radboud University, University of Nottingham, Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Lund Observatory, Astronomical Observatory Belgrade, Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Yugoslavia Branch, King's College London, Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik (Albert Einstein Institut), University of Warsaw, University of Sussex, Université Paris VII - Paris-Diderot, Dublin City University, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, INFN-Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, University of Edinburgh, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Stockholm University, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, University of Glasgow, University of Aveiro, Hebrew University Jerusalem, Eötvös Loránd University Budapest, Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, University of Manchester, LUTH - Laboratoire de l'Univers et de ses Theories, Flatiron Institute, Universität Bern, University of the Balearic Islands, INFN, Leiden Observatory, University of Birmingham, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), University of Cambridge, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Universidad de Guanajuato, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique, Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University College Dublin, University of Virginia, Universitat de València, Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC) at Campus UAB, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Peking University, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Johns Hopkins University, University of Tuzla, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, The University of Mississippi, University of the Basque Country, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, Petnica Science Center, University of Zagreb, University of Nova Gorica, Universität Zürich (UZH), Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Université Libre de Bruxelles, University of Cape Town, Association EURATOM, Consorzio CREATE, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Lancaster University, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Universitat de Barcelona, İzmir Institute of Technology, Oxford Brookes University, University of Malta, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Kazan Federal University, Rhodes University, Universidad de Murcia, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, University of Copenhagen, Earlham College, Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), University of Amsterdam (UvA), National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), Jacobs Universität Bremen, Monash University, OzGrav: the ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational-wave Discovery, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Purple Mountain Observatory Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Sheffield, University of Groningen, University of Oslo (UiO), University of Banja Luka, University of Belgrade, Koç University, Marie Curie-Sklodowska University, University of Zielona Góra, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Milano, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Turku, INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Universidade da Beira Interior, Open University of Israel, Keio University, Florida Atlantic University, EGE University, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHES), GeoEnergy Research Center (GERC), Amsterdam University Press, NIKHEF, FOM National Institute for Subatomic Physics
Journal
Classical and Quantum Gravity
Volume
36
No. of pages
178
ISSN
0264-9381
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587
Publication date
06-2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
Theory of relativity, Astrophysics, High energy physics
Keywords
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/black-holes-gravitational-waves-and-fundamental-physics(4cc0c982-0eeb-4042-895e-56e3584ddeb8).html